Sometimes it's the fabric you've selected for your border that tells you to miter. A stripe or a border print really looks good mitered. Here are the steps I took this week to add a striped fabric to my Circa 2016 quilt.
1. Measure the quilt top in both directions:
2. Carefully cut the borders exactly the same size in width and placement of the lines. This almost certainly has to be done one layer at a time to be sure all four borders are the same. I placed the 2.25" mark on my ruler on a specific line on the striped fabric--this is the center of the border. I cut four borders, 4.5" wide each, 2.25" away from the center line in both directions. Now the borders have the stripes exactly the same. The longest border I needed was 52" + 8" = 60" so the 2 yards (72") I had of this stripe was plenty. I did not cut the borders to exact size before sewing. Some people do, but I wait until the borders are sewn in place to make the final cut to size--insurance in case I measured incorrectly--it happens...
3. Fold the border in the middle, mark the middle, and mark the outside measurement on both ends--here is the 52" border, marked at 26" and at the outer ends:
4. Do the same thing with other border, 43" is marked at both ends and 21.5" in the middle.
5. Pin the first border to the quilt, pinning at the middle and precisely at each end. Use as many pins as you need to ease the border/quilt to fit each other:
6. Start and end the seam 1/4" from both outside edges:
7. Add all four borders in the same manner, starting and stopping 1/4" in from the outside edge of the quilt.
8. When all four borders are in place, you will mark the 45 degree miter line with a pencil. Carefully fold a corner of the quilt so two borders are exactly on top of each other and the quilt is folded at the seam where you started/stopped sewing:
|Both borders sewn, from the back|
|Both borders sewn, from the front|
If you have a triangle ruler, now is a good time to use it. Line up the ruler with the start/stop stitches where the quilt joins the border and the bottom edge, keeping everything in line:
Pencil line drawn carefully from start to finish:
9. Starting at the top where the quilt is joined to the border, sew with a few back stitches, being sure you don't go inside the seam allowance. Any stitches that go inside the seam allowance will cause a small pucker--you'll want to remove any of those stitches. Sewn and ready to trim:
10. Carefully trim the seam. I cut this slightly larger than 1/4", but 1/4" is fine if you prefer. Press the seams open and admire how precisely you sewed your borders:
Lather, rinse, repeat with the other three borders. Your quilt looks great!
Here is mine:
And, because someone will ask, the top border is wider because I did not cut the selvedge off when I cut the fourth border. It will be trimmed off when the quilt is finished and I am squaring it up for binding.
Just a NOTE: if you have multiple fabrics in your border, make "border fabric" first before joining the borders to the quilt. Here is a striped border that I didn't worry about matching at the corners and an inner narrow black border. The black fabric was sewn to the striped fabric before I marked, pinned, and sewed the borders to the quilt. I only want to miter four times/quilt. not eight or twelve or however many borders you have on the quilt:
I hope you learned a trick or two here. If so, please share this with all your quilt-y friends. It can seem like no one is reading these posts out there in cyber-land!